Being the main unit in building infrastructure for industrial and urban, educational and medical development of Binh Duong province, Becamex Investment & Industrial Development Corporation (Becamex IDC) has gradually made its many breakthroughs in building infrastructures of international scopes. Such names as the Vietnam – Singapore Industrial Park, Binh Duong Avenue, My Phuoc, Bau Bang Urban Area and Industrial Park, Binh Duong Industry-Service-Urban Complex, Eastern International University and International Hospital are always symbols of success in the provincial innovation process.
On September 6th, 2011, Binh Duong Provincial People’s Committee approved the project of building Becamex welfare house period 1: 2011 – 2015, at the Decision No.2541/QD-UBND and assigned Becamex Investment & Industrial Development Corporation (Becamex IDC) to be investor.
Eng.Nguyen Hong Hai introduced about the project for building welfare
house of Becamex IDC Corporation
The actual situation of economic development and laborers’ life care
Backwarding the social-economic development over the last 5 years, Binh Duong takes pride in its always being in leading group of the country because of its quickness to grasp the opportunities and facilitate the industrial development with its high growth, making the Gross Provincial Products in the 1997 – 2000 period increase by 13% and 15.4% in the following period. Gross product per capita is 5.8 million dong in 1997, 8.2 million dong in 2000 and 30 million dong in 2010. Economic structure shifts towards Industry – Urban Services – Agriculture with equivalent rate 63% – 32.6% – 4.4%. The above-mentioned rates are resulted from efforts and spectacular breakthroughs of economic components, province-located enterprises and a large and powerful labor force of millions of people who are adhered to production day and night to create many products and increments of the provincial economy.
Apart from the above mentioned successes, dormitories for laborers immediately at the beginning of economic development has remained a big concern of many leader levels of both the province and enterprises. Although, dormitories for laborers was desired at the beginning of development process, insufficient capital did not help. Under this hard circumstance, the province called economic components, especially, resettled households upon their delivery of agricultural land and citizens in areas surrounding industrial parks to build boarding house for rent through some policies such as tax exemption and materials support. Some large-scaled enterprise in industrial parks were also self controlled in building dormitories for workers. However, this only satisfied a limited quantity of laborers. In fact, building boarding house for rent in many residential areas was undertaken by the citizens themselves. Because the province has not well planned, oriented and managed the construction and operation of boarding houses, standards on housing to bring about a better life for laborers remain inadequate. We easily realize on coming boarding house areas that rooms are temporarily built of brick wall, metal sheet roof, cement floor and glazed brick of bad quality; the area is from 8 to 12m2 for 3-5 people; the price is between 350,000 and 600,000 dong. Additionally, there is no social service and facility such as cultural and recreation areas, especially order and security. In the recent three years, Binh Duong has invested to build 29 social housing areas for low-income people. However, there has been about 13,480 people to benefit from projects; 206,000m2 of floor space undertaken has only satisfied 2.48% of demand for social housing. Moreover, 180,000 rooms built by the citizens themselves of with area of 1,800,000m2 have helped to solve place of residence for 450,000 laborers. This has partially recovered difficulties and created stability of human resources for investment and development.
Social housing for low-income people is also the issue paid special concern to by the Government and represented in the Resolution No.18/NQ-CP dated April 20th, 2009, Decision No.66/2009/QD-TTg and No.67/2009/QD-TTg dated April 24th, 2009 of the Prime Minister. Content of the above-mentioned Resolution and Decisions is that the Government promulgates a number of mechanisms and policies to step up the development of dormitories for students and workers in concentrated industrial parks and low-income people in urban areas. On carrying out the above guidelines, investment enterprises faced many difficulties, which made social housing unreachable for people on low income. The reason is that construction price was high, ranging from 8 to 12 million dong per square meter whereas 80-90% low and average-income people could not buy house. For the project for building housing for low-income people to rent, it is impossible to be implemented. This is because investment enterprises were accessed to very limited borrowings with low interest rate, which are insufficient for building house for rent. If borrowings with high interest rate are made, price for rent is insufficient for capital repayment. This has not mentioned many risks and complexity caused by the management and unrecoverability of renting money.
Basis for building housing of Becamex IDC
Driven from special concern paid to laborers working in industrial parks by leaders levels of Binh Duong province.
Keeping on Binh Duong’s path in building social housing, Becamex IDC has determined to hold an important position for the province to reduce burden in investment and building of social housing for low-income people who are living and working in Binh Duong. Grasp thoroughly from the opinion “settle down and build a career, to create all favorable conditions for laborers to own their private flat. At the same time, to solve the correlation of three-way impact between enterprise investing industrial infrastructure, one investing industrial production project and one investing man power resource for production stability. Since then, to form and develop activities and services.
The project for building Becamex welfare house is undertaken on the mode: construction-selling, any complete house will be then sold immediately and unrented. The project will be carried out in Thu Dau Mot, Thuan An, Di An town, Ben Cat and Tan Uyen district with total construction land area of 1,306,876 m2, building area of 511,811m2, floor construction area of 2,725,850 m2, to supply 64,700 flats for 164.000 residents. The project scope consists of 34 social housing areas built in localities in accordance with laborers and citizens situations and demand for residential house. Thus, 18 social housing areas will be arranged in Ben Cat, 4 ones in Thu Dau Mot, 7 ones in Thuan An town, 2 ones in Di An town, 6 ones in Tan Uyen district, including one 4 store ground floor and one 9 store ground floor. 5 and 10 store building areas will be constructed in Thu Dau Mot, Thuan An and Di An town to save land fund.
In fact, on planning infrastructure of industrial parks, Becamex has planned service and facility areas for workers, of which residential building. The whole 110 hectares of land for building social housing in the period 1 has been released, compensated and completed the infrastructure (if land for building infrastructure is included, the above area is multiplied to be 220 hectares). Whereas the State will deliver further 20 hectares. Citizens in social housing areas will be beneficiary to general infrastructural and social facilities of existing urban areas. There will be essential services and facilities such as campus, kindergarten, shops, parking place, garbage collection place with ensured safety and sanitation in the areas. Blocks of housing must be secured with technical infrastructure system, internal transportation routes, yards, green trees, water supply and drainage system, electricity supply, middle corridor ventilated and lightened naturally to create community and civic spaces, harmonious and friendly image of a new urban area.
With respect to architectural design, it is recommended to carefully research each performance to take advantage of each square centimeter of construction land. Application of the modulization in design helps to create typical structural members to speed up construction progress and reduce the cost price. Flats can be combined to increate their areas by twofold and threefold. In compartments, prepare positions ready for fixing general lifter, when appropriate. Area of typical flat is 30m2 (of which, 10m2 of half store); flat with 60m2 in area will have 20m2 of half store. Foundation and floor are tiled with ceramic brick. Entrance door and steel-framed window are fixed glass with iron security bar. Staircase leading to the half store is made of steel or poured concrete. Sanitation area is tiled with rough ceramic brick; the lower section of wall is faced ceramic brick, the upper one is airless sprayed. Kitchen section is left empty in order for the flat holder to arrange afterwards.
In respect of construction technology, 5 ones will be applied at the same time, including: hollow floor technology C-Deck, weak earth foundation consolidation method Top-base; lightweight concrete panel technology, alternative steel frame building and heat protection measurement for roof using foamed concrete to save construction time and reduce construction price and increase stability of the work.
With regard to financial option, because cost of infrastructure building is not calculated into the construction price, so selling price of 30m2 area is expected as follows: 175 million dong for the first storey, 150 million dong for the second one, 130 million dong for the third one, 110 million dong for the fourth one and 100 million dong for the fifth one. The above stated price only considers withdrawal of construction cost without calculating into other land and infrastructure areas, which brings about social efficiency as resulted by stability in human resources and creates new attraction to investment to foster social-economic development of the province.
For mechanism in selling house, laborers in Binh Duong province in general have their stable jobs and have not had their own houses as confirmed by the local authority and units are entitled to buy and pay in compliance with the contractual progress. If laborer who desire to buy house has not had enough money, it is possible to collect capital from two or three people to buy a flat for one person firstly, then to register to buy for the other one. For enterprises which desire to stabilize their human resources in the long-term, they can spend time buying houses and then deliver them to their workers through deducting into their monthly salary. Buyers of social housing are not entitled to transfer when it it not 5 years since the contract sign. In case, buyer who desires to transfer his/her house has paid completely and fully but 5 years has not passed over, he/she is only entitled to transfer house to the object that satisfies conditions as regulated and approved by the investor. Price for selling house is not higher than that of the same type at the selling time.
Upon carefully researching the projects, to ensure the completeness from mechanisms, policies to citizens development, some issues should be recommended at the request of project:
The State should assume responsibility for investment into social aspect such as sports area, medicine, pre-school, culture and occupation teaching institutions to enhance occupational levels, heath and quality of life for laborers; to ensure employment in the long-term.
In addition to equity capital (30-50%) of laborers, the State should lend capital resources to laborers (30-50%) to buy their own house with low interest rate through some funds such as housing development fund, housing saving fund, real estate investment fund, support fund, poor fund … and consider this lent amount as a laborer’s investment into the urbanization process.
Some photos of interior and exterior perspectives:
(perspective photo of a typical block)
(perspective photo of flat interior)